Community Level

It flows or is pumped into a treatment center. The moment it’s there, the water has been treated ahead to remove debris – such as leaves and silt. It then moves through a series of treatment procedures, including disinfection and filtration utilizing compounds or physical procedures, eliminating germs that cause diseases. When the treatment is finished, water flows out via a system of pipes and pumps, which is frequently known as the supply system.

There’s a small gap of water treatment process at different areas, dependent on the technologies of this water and plant required to be processed, however, the basic principles are largely the same.

Coagulation / Flocculation

This mixture triggers tiny dirt particles to be secured together or coagulated. Subsequently, collections of dirt particles combine together to generate larger, thicker particles – called flocs – that can be readily removed through filtration/settling.


When water and floc particles undergo the therapy process, they leak to sedimentation basins where the water goes slowly, allowing hefty floc particles dip into the bottom. Floc gathered on the lowermost portion of this basin is called sludge. This moves through pipes to achieve the drying lagoons. The sedimentation condition isn’t contained in Immediate Filtration and therefore, the floc is removed through filtration.


Water travels through a filter meant to eliminate water particles. The filters include layers of sand and gravel, and in other scenarios, crushed anthracite. Filtration accumulates the water impurities and boosts the effectiveness of disinfection. The filters have been washed on a regular basis by way of backwashing.


Before water enters the supply system, it’s disinfected to ensure germs which cause diseases, viruses and parasites are removed. Chlorine is used as it a really effective in disinfecting and keeping residual attention to protect from potential biological contamination within the method of water supply.

Sludge Drying

Solids accumulated then settled out of the water via sedimentation and filtration are removed and caused drying lagoons.


The procedure for water fluoridation is that the remedy of community water supplies to correct the concentration of free fluoride ion into its best level, which is sufficient to reduce dental cavities.